The ultimate guide to e-cigarettes and e-liquid for beginners

The ultimate guide to e-cigarettes and e-liquid for beginners

So you're ready to take the plunge into the world of vaping, but need to know a bit more about the terminology.

This handy vaping beginners' guide answers the key questions that vaping newbies need to know. It will help you make an informed choice about the type of kit that's right for you, making it more likely that your switch to vaping will be a success!

 

What components make up my vaping device?

 

Expanded Vaping Equipment

Drip tip

This is where you inhale from.

Tank

The e-liquid is placed in here.

Coil

A metal coil surrounded by wicking material, usually cotton. Needs to be changed anywhere between a few days to a couple of weeks or when you get a burnt taste.

Battery / Regulated Mod

This contains the electronics and battery needed to heat your coil. Battery capacity is denoted as milliampre hour (mAh). The power output of the mod is shown as Watts (W) or Volts (V)

Different types of vaping equipment

CE4 Kit

Compact, basic and cheaper option. Usually used by beginner vapers. Better with 50/50 PG/VG e-liquids that give less vapour production. Seen less nowadays as Vape Pens have become more affordable.

CE4 Kit

Vape Pen

Slightly bigger and still inexpensive, vape pens come with options that have seen great improvement over the original CE4 devices. Usually with bigger, better and lower ohm coils to give more flavour and a bigger hit. E-liquids with a higher VG content can usually be used.

Vape Pen

Mod & Tank

Numerous different designs of mods and tanks exist. These are the most effective way to vape with increased battery life and power. Designed for both low and high VG e-liquids.

Mod & Tank

RDAs, RDTAs and Mechanical Mods

For the advanced vaper there are also Rebuildable Dripping Atomisers (RDA), Rebuildable Dripping Tank Atomisers (RDTA) and Mechanical Mods (Mech mods).

RDAs are not tanks and don’t hold e-liquid other than what is held in the cotton and the small well at the bottom of the unit. These work by simply dripping your e-liquid onto the coil and then firing the device, hence the name ‘Dripper’.

RDTAs are similar to RDAs but are actually tanks that are designed to hold e-liquid. Instead of using pre-made factory coils, the user can build them to their own preference and resistance, then wick with cotton.

Mech Mods require no circuitry and use a firing pin that allows for the current in the battery to reach the attached atomiser directly. Ask us for more information about these options.

Mouth to Lung

This is achieved by using less airflow on the atomiser and drawing the vapour into your mouth with your cheeks before inhaling into your lungs, replicating the effect of smoking.

Lung Inhale

This is achieved by using more airflow (usually in the larger atomisers with wider drip tips) and using your lungs to draw the vapour whilst inhaling directly into the lungs.

What is in e-liquid?

E-liquid uses base ingredients which typically consist of PG (Propylene Glycol) and VG (Vegetable Glycerin). PG and VG are combined with natural or artificial flavours in an almost unlimited variety, which means you’ll be sure to find something you can use as an all-day-vape (ADV). Our e-liquids have a variety of PG / VG ratios from your standard 50% PG / 50% VG as well as higher VG blends. E-liquid can also contain dilutants such as distilled water.

You can learn more about the evolution of eLiquid in our interesting look at vaping history.

What is PG or Propylene Glycol?

Propylene Glycol is used as a flavouring carrier in food products, as an ingredient in food colouring and also used as an additive in various medicines. PG provides the throat hit sensation and is thinner in consistency than Vegetable Glycerine. Propylene Glycol is non toxic.

What is VG or Vegetable Glycerine?

Vegetable Glycerine is a sweet, vegetable based liquid. VG provides the vapour production which simulates smoke and is thicker than Propylene Glycol. Vegetable Glycerine is non toxic and the more VG in an e-liquid, the smoother it will be to vape.

What is sub-ohming?

Sub-ohming is vaping on a device where the atomiser coil has a resistance of less than 1.0 ohm. The reason some advanced vapers ‘sub-ohm’ is to increase the power output from their devices, creating more vapour and flavour from their e-liquid.

When vaping using sub-ohm coils a substantial amount of vapour is produced compared to using coils above 1ohm on the same device. Typically sub-ohm vapers take lung hits meaning they inhale straight to their lungs, increasing the vapour they can inhale each puff. Those who vape sub-ohm usually favour e-liquid with a higher percentage of vegetable glycerine than propylene glycol. The reason for this is that the vegetable glycerine creates larger clouds and denser vapour production. Because of the additional output and vapour produced and inhaled on each pull when vaping sub-ohm, it is the norm to use lower nicotine strengths (typically 6mg/ml and under).

Sub Ohm Coil

 

Of course, there is more to the world of vaping than we have included in this beginners' infographic; but this is a good place to start as an introduction. 

As you make the switch, you should be sure to educate yourself about proper maintenance and safety to ensure you always get the absolute best out of your equipment. 

At Vape UK, we pride ourselves on our customer service and our expertise; so, if you need any questions answering, don't hesitate to get in touch!

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  • Nicola Webster

About the author - Nicola Webster

Nicola Webster works as a researcher, consultant, and content creator for Vape UK and Vape UK CBD. She holds a CIM Level 6 Diploma in Professional Marketing and has developed her skills and knowledge of analytics and research over a 12 year career in product marketing. Her research led approach to campaigns and content writing ensures the articles she writes for Vape UK always have a basis in fact and cut through the noise. A strong advocate for tobacco harm reduction, Nicola is an ex-smoker thanks to vaping and wants others to understand the benefits of vaping compared to smoking. Outside of content creation and vaping advocacy, Nicola enjoys watching live music, travelling in Southeast Asia, and exploring the beautiful countryside of the South Downs.